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A Scientific and Evaluated Journal published by the college of Agriculture,University of Kirkuk . Date of first issue (2010) . No.of issue per year (4). No.of papers per issue (150) . No.of issue published between 2010-2017 (20) issue .
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The Application Level of Sheep Breeders for The Most Important Scientific Recommendations Related to the Management of Sheep Farms in the Village of Naameh, Tikrit

Ahmed .S . Abdullah

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 1-11

The research aimed to determine the application level of sheep breeders for the most important scientific recommendations related to the management of sheep farms in the village of Naameh, Tikrit, and determine the level of application of sheep breeders to the most important scientific recommendations related to the management of sheep farms in each field of research: (establishment of barns, nutrition, health care), and determine the correlation relationship among the level of application of sheep breeders and each of the following independent variables : (age, The number of years of work in sheep raising and sources of access to agricultural information related to sheep raising and the period of breeding sheep and Area of cultivated land and education level ). village of Naameh was chosen As a region to do the research Random sample Included of (50) breeder, who represent (50%) of the breeders, The questionnaire was used As a tool to collect date using personal interview. The results revealed that the level of sheep breeders, was medium tend to low , It have found the highest application level In the field of nutrition. The results also showed that there correlation relationship among in application level for the breeders in question according to the variables: age, source of agricultural information, and the number of sheep and education level The number of years of work in sheep raising. The problem of rising prices of treatment products came first, the researcher recommends the following : the good health care via veterinary sections in the area, In addition to the increase of breeders support by the Ministry of Agriculture represented by the agricultural departments in the rural areas, Paying attention to the activation of the agricultural awareness, which is considered very limited and semi nonexistent.

Effect of adding Methionine or Choline Chloride to the low protein diets during growth period of Local Japanase Quail

Fatma M.Jalal; Mohammad I.A.AL-Neemi

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 12-25

This study was conducted in the poultry farm in-Animal production department-the faculty of Agriculture-University of Kirkuk ,The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of using methionine and choline chloride in low protein diets on growth performance of Local quail . distributed randomly a(280) chicks (10 days old) on 7 treatments by 5 replicate for each treatment (8)birds per replicat . Birds fed the dietary treatment T1(24% crude protein(cp) ), T2(22% cp) , T3(20% cp) , T4 (22% cp +adding 20% methionine above the NRC(1994)recommended), T5 (20% cp +adding 20% methionine above the NRC(1994) recommended),T6 (22% cp +adding 20% choline above the NRC(1994) recommended), T7 (20% cp +adding 20% choline above the NRC(1994) recommended) from the age of 10-45 days. The results showed that the experimental treatments significantly (p<0.05) differed in feed intake , weight gain and feed conversion, consumption of proten, methionine and choline among treatments . The T7 was significantly higher than T2 in weight gain .The T7 was significantly (p<0.05) better than T2 and T5 in feed conversion ratio , there were no significant effect among treatments for live body weight and relative weight of heart ,liver ,gizzard ,stomach and intestine .The T1 and T3 were significantly higher than T5 in relative weight of the breast , and there were no significantly differences in the relative weight of leg among the treatments . The T5 was significantly higher than T1 ,T3,T4 and T6 in relative weight of wings. .The T7 was significantly higher than all treatments in mean of carcass weight .The T1 and T2 was significantly higher than T5 in the relative weight of the loss .The best nutritional treatment was the seventh treatment (The diet which contained 20% crud protein and 20% choline above te requirement).

Effect of partial Replacement of local sesame seed meal instead of soybean meal in the diet on productive performance of the quail during the growth period

Ahmed I. Hamody; Ibrahim S. Clour; Ihsan T. Tayeb

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 26-33

This study was carried out to determine the effect of substitution of sesame seed meal (SSM) for soybean meal (SBM) in a layer diet of local quail. Two hundred and forty 7 days old quail chick were divided in to 4 groups in battery cages. the treatments consist of (control) SSM 0.0%, SSM 10%, SSM 20% and SSM 30% in isonitrogenious bases diets. The results showed that substitution of 10% SSM instead of SBM had no significant negative effect compared with to control diet in parameters egg production (H.D.P), egg mass, egg weight, feed consumption and feed efficiency ratio , when increasing the SSM ratio to 20% and 30% has caused a significant linear deterioration (P<0.05) in all productive specifications of eggs. At conclusion level up to 10% SSM as an alternative feed in local quail had no significant effects on egg production performance.
• H.D.P = Hen Day Production
• SSM = Sesame Seed Meal
• SBM = Soybean Meal

Study the effect of adding hydrogenated vegetable fat and various sources of vegetable oils in the quail diet on some of the production performance and chemical of the quail bird.

Mariya Mustafa Abdullah; Mohammed Sabah Baha Al- Deen

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 34-45

The aim of this study is to compare the adding different hydrogenated vegetable fat and various sources of vegetable oils to the dite of the quails on the production performance and some of chemical characteristics such as live body weight, body weight gain, feed consumption , feed conversion ratio, peroxide value(PV), thiobarbutric acid (TBA) and free fatty acid (FFA). Distributed randomly 280 japanase quail un sexed (10 days old) to 7 treatments each treatment have 5 replicate 8 birds per replicate .Bird dietary treatment T1 ( Control without add oil) , T2( 4% hydrogenated vegetable fat) ,T3(4% olive oil) , T4(4% Argan oil) , T5(4% almond oil) , T6(4% flax oil) and T7 (4% sunflower oil). The results showed that there was significant differences (P≤0.05) among the treatment of the body weight , body weight gain, feed consumption , feed conversion ratio, peroxide value and thiobarbutric acid, While no significant differences between treatment in the free fatty acids .

Effect of adding probiotic and prebiotic to the growth diets with and without animal Protein concentrate upon growth performance of Japanese Quail

Mohammad I.A.AL-Neemi; Hiyam M.Ahmad

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 46-59

This study was conducted in the farm of poultry-Animal production department of the faculty of Agriculture University of Kirkuk during the period from15/1/2017 to 18/2/2017 , The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of adding probiotic and prebiotic in growth diets contain and free from animal protein on the production performance and carcass quality for males and females Japanese quail. (240) Japanese quail un sexed (one day old) which has been fed collectively for 10 days and distributed randomly to 8 treatments(30 bird/treatment) by 5 replicates for each treatment (6)birds per cage (Replicate is one of battery cages with dimensions 40*30*20 cm) the experiment period was 10-45 days . Birds were fed the following dietary treatments T1 (control diet ), T2(control diet + 0.10% probiotic ) , T3(control diet+ 0.10% prebiotic ) , T4 (control diet +0.10% probiotic+0.10% prebiotic ) , T5(control diet with out animal protein trate concen) , T6(control treatment+ 0.10% probiotic ) , T7(control diet+ 0.10% prebiotic ) , T8(control diet +0.10% probiotic +0.10% prebiotic ) . The results showed that no significant (P≤0.05) differences were found in weight gain, while differences were significant in the average body weight ,the T5 was significantly (P≤0.05) higher than T1 , and in feed intake average T2 was significantly (P≤0.05) exceed over T1 and for the in feed conversion ratio average there was no significant differences between T1,T2,T3,T4 or between T8, T5, T6, T7 and T8 was significantly (P≤0.05) was better than T1, T2, T3, T4.There were no significant differences in the average of the carcass weight and the percentage weight of the wings between treatments . The T2 was significantly (P≤0.05) better than T1 and T6 for the percentage weight of the breast , While T1 was significantly (P≤0.05) heavier than T5 in the thigh percentage weight .The T4 and T5 were significantly (P≤0.05) bigger than T1 and T8 in the back percentage weight , While the T1 ,T5 and T6 were significantly higher than another treatments in the average of the neck percentage weight . No significant differences in the average of the heart and liver percentage weight between the treatments . The percentage weight of the gizzard was significantly (P≤0.05) higher for T1 than T5 and T7. The intestinal percentage weight for the control treatment (T1) was higher than all another treatments . On the other hand the percentage weight for the testes was higher significantly (P≤0.05) when compared that with the T2, T4, T6,T7 and T8 . The value of the percentage weight of the ovary was for the females bird of the T2 were significantly (P≤0.05) higher than T5, T6, T7 and T8 .No significant differences in thepercentage weight of the stomach and oviduct .The average of the pancreas percentage weight for the T1 and T4 birds were significantly higher than T5 birds.

Effect of pinching and Cycocel on growth and flowering of Chrysanthemum plant (Chrysanthemum indicum L.var."Rosannau")

Kefaia G.S.Al-Saad; Shanay H.A Terzi

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 60-76

A study was conducted at the lath house in researchs station and agriculture experimental returns of college of agriculture - Kirkuk university - Al-sayada during September 2016 to April 2017 , to investigate the effect of pinching of plants (without pinching , pinching after one week of process of seedling ,pinching after 10 days of the first pinchined) , and spray plant of cycocel with twoconcentrations (0,1000) mg.L-1 , to growth and flowering of Chrysanthemum , the experience was designed according to Random Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with three replicate . Results showed that pinching after one week of seedling was significantly superior to increase the leaves area (1265.56) cm2 comparison with control (1107.46) cm2, and the treatment of pinching after 10 days of the first pinched has led to delay the flowering date (35.3) days , and increased the length of stalk flower (4.08) cm against (34.37) days and (3.73) cm for the treatment of the comparison respectively. The spray by concentration of 1000 mg. L-1 of CCC was significantly superior to reduce the plant height (11.61) cm and increased wet weight of the flower (0.47) g compared to (12.43) cm and (0.44) g for the treatment of control respectively.

Effect of foliar application of chelated calcium and boron on growth and yield of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) CV. Festival

Suzan Ali Hussein; Raad A. Medan; Dr. Dalshad R. Azeez

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 77-86

This study was carried out in plastic house of research and Agriculture experiments station of Agriculture college at Kirkuk university through 2016/2017 growing season to study the effects of foliar application of chelated calcium with three concentrations (0, 50, 100 ) mg L-1 and boron (0, 10, 20 ) mg L-1 on vegetative growth characters and yield of Strawberry cv. Festival. The experiment was arranged in factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with three replicaters and five plants for each experimental unit. The obtained results statistically analyzed using package of (SAS V 9.0) program and using Duncan test at 0.5% probability to comparing the means. Folia application of mg/L100 chelated calcium led to significantly increased in vegetative growth parameters (leaf area, number of leaves, leaf chlorophyll contents and vegetative growth dry weight), weight which reaching ( 33.49 ,47.06 , 39.97 , 19.94 ) , respectively as compared as compared with control treatment , while foliar calcium at 100 mg/L gave the significant increasing for fruit size and weight which were 18.79 cm3 and 12.11 gm, respectively, at the same time all other yield characters did not affected. The foliar 20mg/L Boron led to significantly increased in vegetative growth parameters above ,As well led to significant increasing in fruit number and size, mean yield per plant and yield for unit area as compared with control treatment, while the mean fruit weight character did not affected with Boron treatment. The interaction effects of two factors clearly significantly affected on all parameters, it was found that 100mg/L calcium and 20mg/L boron treatment was significant as compared with control on vegetative growth characters and yield.

Effect of Water pressure in drip irrigation and potato cultivars ( Solanum tuberosum L.) in growth , yield and qulity under fall season conditions in Kirkuk Governovate

Keshaw M. Hassan; Hussen T.Thaher; Omar H. M. Almuhamade

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 87-99

A study was conducted in researchs station and agriculture experimental returns to college of agriculture – Kirkuk university – Area Al-sayada for the autumn season during 8 / 9 / 2016 to 15 / 12 / 2016 .The study include the effectiveness of the pressure water irrigation by drip irrigation system with two levels (1bar) and (2bar) , on the vegetative growth and yield and qualitative qualities for three cultivars of potato (Arizona , Voler , Rivera ) class A whith additional evalution of drip irrigation system . the experience was designed according to complete block design (R.C.B.D) with split – split plot method was used s , and (L.S.D) used to test the differences between the means of treatments. On the other hand used T-Test method to conclude the differences between means of two pressure of irrigation system at P> 0.05 level. At evaluating the irrigation drip system which observed that (2bar) pressure had significantly superior over (1bar) pressure in (mean discharges measured , Wetting Area, Coefficient of Variation, and Absolute Emission uniformity) and they was obtained (4.132 L.h-1 , 28.67 cm2 , 0.06 L.h-1 , 91.7%) respectively comparison with (1bar) pressure wich was obtained (3.245L.h-1 , 22.23 cm2 , 0.11L.h-1 , 86.6%) respectively .And the treatment of (2bar) pressure was significantly superior to increase the number of tubers(5.26 tuber.Plant-1) , But the (1bar) pressure was significantly superior to increase the % dry matter (16.40%) and % starch (10.76%). Arizona cultivar significantly superior than both of Volare and Riviera which it gave height of plant (66.96 cm. plant-1), dry weight of shoots (55.45 gm. Plant-1), number of tuber (6.2 tuber.Plant-1),and tuber weight (108.99 gm), while Riviera cultivar gave a high average of dry matter (16.70%),and % starch (10.83%).

Effect of some pedogenic factors in soil chemical composition of some areas within nineveh governorate

Qahtan D. Essa Al-Khafagi

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 100-111

Soil samples were taken from five locations and two depth (0 – 30 cm), (30 – 60 cm) those areas within Nineveh Governorate including from Al-hadher south of Mosul city to Faidah north of Mosul City, those areas where the different in environmental conditions. The aim of the study is to identify the disparity in the quantities of elements ( Ca , Mg , Na , K , Fe Mn , Zn , Cu , Ni , Co , Si , Mo) . The elements concentration were different between locations and depth. The results showed that most elements were higher in first depth (0 – 30 cm) compared with second depth (30 – 60 cm) except the behavior of (Cu , Ni , Co) which were not exactly similar of other elements. Content of chemical elements in studies locations were its content was ascendant from Al-hadher area in the south to the area of Faidah in the north. Also, study the effect of rainfall rate on the quantity of chemical elements studied using regression equations, the results showed clear decreasing for (Ca and Mo) with the rainfall and the effect ratio (68.5% and 40%) for the Ca and Mo respectively, content of (K , Fe , Mn , Si , Zn , Cu , Ni) were highest with rainfall and effect ratio (74.8% , 74% , 59.4% , 72% , 91.1% , 59.9% , 82.7%) respectively, While the elements of (Mg , Na , Co) showed no effect with the rainfall. Mathematical models were also developed to predict the values of the elements based on the average rainfall and for all locations studies.

Response of some traits of maize yield. Zea mays L under the influence of different genotypes and mechanical and chemical control

Khattab; Talal Abdel; Zakaria Mahmoud Mohamed

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 112-130

A field experiment was carried out during the autumn season of 2015 in the district of Daqouq in Kirkuk governorate to study the response of some traits of maize crop under the influence of different genotypes and mechanical and chemical control depending on several specialized pesticides for yellow maize. The experiment included two factors, the first five structures of yellow maize (Kadz, Munarj, Apcaro, 106 and DKC6586). The second is the three levels of two herbicides (Accent, nicosulfuron with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 larvae, covering one hectare area of the thymus Basis, rimsulfuron with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 lt; covering one hectare) and three methods of control (One-time digestion after 15 days of germination), the first two times with the first treatment, and the second after 15 days after the first treatment. The first time with the first treatment, the second treatment with the second treatment, the third after 15 days Of the second transaction in addition to the coefficient In comparison, the RCBD was used with three replicates. Some traits were studied (weight of 500 grains, the percentage of starch, total grain yield, biological yield). The genotypes differed in their ability to produce. (7.5) tons / h. The monarch gene was also superior to the weight of 500 grains and a total of 272.1 g and 779.2 g / plant respectively. Combine annual bushes especially in the case of repeated hoeing for more than two times to complete extermination of these plants Which led to a significant increase in the qualities of seed yield for maize, the treatment of the pesticide characterized by a concentration of 60 grams per hectare significantly superior in the control of annual and perennial bushes, which led to a reduction in the number and reduce dry weights with the increase in grain yield, On the rest of the experimental units in the case of hoeing for two or three times, the pesticide distinguished the pesticide Titus at a concentration of 60 grams per hectare by giving it the highest grain. Therefore, we recommend the cultivation of genotypes Kadz and Monaraj, and the disruption of more than once, and chemical control with pesticide characteristic 60 g per hectare.

Effect of mechanical and chemical control in some traits of the yields Of different Genotypes of Maize Zea mays L

Khattab; Talal Abdel; Zakaria Mahmoud Mohamed

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 131-145

A field experiment was carried out during the autumn season of 2014 in the district of Daqouq in Kirkuk governorate to study the impact of five different genetic structures and mechanical and chemical control using several specialized pesticides for maize. The experiment included two factors, the first five structures of maize (Kadz, Munarj, Apcaro, 106 and DKC6586). The second is the three levels of two herbicides (Accent, nicosulfuron with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 lt.) Covering one hectare area of Tissus Basis (rimsulfuron) with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 liters covering one hectare (three methods of control) (One-time digestion after 15 days of germination), the first two times with the first treatment, and the second after 15 days after the first treatment. The first time with the first treatment, the second treatment with the second treatment, the third treatment after 15 days Of the second transaction in addition to the coefficient in comparison, the RCBD was used with three replicates. Some of the traits of the crop (500 grain weight, total yield, total grain yield, and biological yield) were examined. The genotypes were found in their production capacity. (7.5) tons / h. The monarch gene was also superior to 500 grains and a total of 272.1 g and 779.2 g / plant respectively. Anti-annual bushes especially in the case of repeated hoeing for more than two times to complete extermination of these plants Which resulted in a significant increase in the qualities of the seed yield of maize, the treatment of the pesticide characterized by a concentration of 60 grams per hectare marked superiority in the control of annual and perennial bushes, which led to a reduction in the number and reduce dry weights with the increase in grain yield, On the rest of the experimental units in the case of hoeing for two or three times, the pesticide distinguished the pesticide Titus at a concentration of 60 grams per hectare by giving it the highest grain. Therefore, we recommend the cultivation of genotypes Cadiz and Monaraj, and the disruption of more than once, and chemical control with Herbicide characteristic Amaze 60 g per hectare.

Effect of Salicylic Acid on Growth and Productivity Indicators of Genotypes of Wheat Triticum aestivum L. Under Dry Farming Condition.

M .A .Al-Juboori; Jasem; Mohammed; A .Hassan

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 146-164

A field experiment was carried out at the Agricultural Research Station (Bany Maqan) in Jam Gamal district of the Agricultural Research Directorate in Sulaymaniyah governorate in the agricultural season 2016-2017 with the aim of evaluating ten genotypes of the bread wheat Triticum aestivum L. (Rizkari, Adana 99, Cham 6, Klak2 ,Florka,Abo-Khreab3,Aras, Melan ,aela ,Iba99 )for studies growth production indicators, (SA0) non-activation and (SA1) soaking the seeds at 50 ppm, and spraying the total vegetation by 100 ppm and (SA2). In addition, Soaking the seeds at 100 ppm and spraying the total vegetation by 200 ppm, under the conditions of rainfed agriculture, carried out in a RCBD experiment. The results showed that the activation ratio (SA1) significantly exceeded the other activation factors in the percentage Field emergence 75.35% and the dry weight in the two stages of centrifugation, relative growth, yield, chlorophyll content of the flag leaf, plant height, and number of saplings in (45.0), the biological yield (15.73 tons, ha-1), the grain yield (5749.2 kg, ha-1), the harvest index (35.7%), the genotypes showed significant differences in all studied traits Cham 6 superior, Field emergence and dry weight in two phases ,flag leaf, height plant, total tellering, the duration of the green leaf, the number of spikes / m 2, the number of grains spike, and the weight of 1000 grains, which was reflected on the grain yield, was 6617.8 kg / ha, and the harvest yield was 40.3%, 6291 kg . ha-1, which was also superior in the number of spike the number of spike grains and the weight of a 1000 grains and in the biological yield. The interaction between activation factors and genotypes showed that the Sham 6 was significantly higher in field emergence (87.7%), number of spike/ m 2 (374.84 spike), weight of 1000 grains (44.6 g) and grain yield (7201 kg)and harvest index (42.9%) in the activation treatment SA1, weight, plant height 6 (116.27 cm), number of spike grains (48), grain yield (7490 kg /ha.), harvest index (43.9%), and the activation SA1 also.

Phenotypic and Distinguish Study for Some Varieties of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) in Northern Region Conditions of IRAQ

Pshtewan H.A.Abdalkarem; Fakhradeen A.Q. Sedeeq

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 165-176

The study was counducted the phenotypic and distinguish traits and quantitative and qualitative traits as a limited phenotypic remarks in International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plant (upov) for eighteen genotype of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) were as ( Sham 4 , Sham 6 , Arass , Adana 99 , Tammuz 2 , Ibba 99 , Ibba 95 , Rabeaa , Rizgari , Maroof , Hassad , Allaa ,Gihan 99 , Kuaz 2, Abu-Graib , Tammuz1 , Buhooth 22 and Latifia ) . The experiment was carried off in Bani-makan agricultural research station in chamchamal / Sulaimaniah governorate at winter season 2016-2017 as( R.C.B.D ) desing with three replicates . The results showed that the genotype Rabeaa and Rizgari were distinguished in spike density as a weak , and Arass and Latifia were distinguished in colour of the spike as a red color . While the genotypes Sham4 , Ibaa99 , Ibba95, Abu-Graib, and Bohouth22 were distinguished in containing a strong waxy cover on the spike ,the variety Maroof was distinguished on others in a black awn colour. The genotypes Tammuz 2 and Abu-Graib were distinguished as a high shoulder shape of glume beside to this Abu-Graib variety was distinguished in broad width of glume shoulder. The variety Ibba99 was distinguished in a rounded shape of the grain , while Rizgari variety was distinguished as a elongated shape of the grain . Kuaz2 was distinguished as a red colour of the grain , while the other varieties were white grains . In phenotypic traits , the variety Ibba99 was surpassed in flag leaf area (48.05cm2) and in spike lenght and it is coloum trait ,while the variety Rizgari was surpassed in awn length traits , and Rabeaa in plant height trait (110.9 cm) . The genotypes Rizgari and Arass were earileast in time of spike emergence and physiological maturity traits , while the variety Ibba99 was late . There were significant differences between the genotypes in the yield and components traits, the variety Gihan99 was surpassed in grain yield (4.471 ton/ ha.) , and Sham4 in number of active tiller traits (3.1 tiller/plant) . Buhooth 22 was surpassed in the number of the grains in the spike (59.83) and quality weight (78.96 kg.hectoliter), Hassad variety was surpassed in 1000 grain weight (39.06 gm) and Maroof variety in protein percentage (%16.1) . Cluster analysis was made for the genotypes for all the studied traits and the results showed that the varieties were classified to groups as a distinguish phenotypic remarks . Sham4 was alone in main group for phenotypic vegetative traits , while Arass , Rabeaa and Rizgari were contained in main group in phenotypic traits at maturity time, while in quantitative and qualitative traits the Rabeaa and Rizgari were in main group , this refer to the nearest and similarity in the studied traits. Ibba99 was alone in the main group in distinguishing study of traits for the grain ,this refer to a genetic farwide from the other varieties which includes the study .

Bio-Statistical Relations Among Phenotypic Egg Traits and Effects of Age on some external traits of eggs in Lohmann- Brown Classic Hens

Mustafa; Alaa Abdul Majeed; Bnar Fouad Suleiman; Kamaran Abduljalil Abas; Tahsin Saady Husain

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 177-187

It's difficult to determine some egg quality traits in commercial poultry farms.Therefore, this study was conducted to find linear regression between external egg traits and effect of hen age on some external characteristics of eggs in Lohmann Brown- Classic hen. A total of 120 hens were housed in battery cages include four lines from 24 to 41 weeks of hen's age. In this experiment we measure external physical characteristics (egg weight (g), egg shape index, egg strength (kg/cm2), specific gravity, shell thickness (mm), egg surface area and unite of surface shell weight (mg/cm2) were study. Results showed that relations between egg shape index with egg width positive, but negative with egg weight and length (p<0.05). Otherwise, the phenotypic relations values of egg weight and egg shell traits showed highly significant (P<0.01) positive with egg weight specific gravity, shell percentage, shell thickness and shell strength. All external egg quality characteristics increased with the increase of hen's age. Egg shape index, Surface area, and specific gravity, shell thickness and unit surface area were increased significantly (p<0.05) with the increase of hens age. While percentage of egg shell decreased for older hen age. The egg strength ranged between 1.00 –1.20 (kg/ cm2) during the experiment period.

Response of Two Corn ( Zea maize L) Genotypes to Herbicides Application

Abbas Alo Khether

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 188-203

An experiment was carried out at the field of Agricultural Collage, Duhok Universityduring spring and fall season 2016, to study the effect of three herbicides with two doses for each herbicide, namely (Amaze 80, 160; Perfect, 120, 140; and Belldozer 120 and 140 ml ha-1 ) on weeds, Two maize genotypes were used (Sangria and Nawroz ). Using factorial experiment with Randomize Completely Block Design (RCBD) with three replicate. The results showed Nawroz genotype was superior in the No. of rows ear-1, No. of kernels row-1 and kernels yield plant-1 (654.8 g ) and, also the fall season was superior in some traits than spring season. The herbicides perfect at dose 140 ml ha-1 will be more effective on many broad and narrow leaves weeds yield and component of two maize genotypes by using with factorial experimental arranged in revealed that, 654.8 g and also the fall season was the best than the spring season and Perfect 140 g ha-1 was the more effective in killing the most kinds of weeds.

Effect of estrus synchronization and PMSG injection on reproduction performance and some blood biochemical values of Awassi sheep in Kirkuk region

F. J. Asgar; F. T. Juma; K. Mohammed

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2012, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 64-70

The study conducted in sheep farm (College of Agriculture – University of Kirkuk) on 15 Awassi ewes aged 2-3 yrs old and weighted 45 kg in average. Ewes were divided into 3 groups, 1st group (4 ewes left without treatment as control), the 2nd treatment (4 ewes were subjected to estrus synchronization using intravaginal progestagen sponges, while 3rd group (7 ewes) were estrus synchronized as in the 2nd group in addition to injection of 400 IU of PMSG. Ewes were subjected to blood sampling (2 ml) from the start of the study up to 6 months (two weeks between 2 subsequent samples). Blood serum separated to determine glucose and Cholesterol level, AST and ALT enzymes activities, in addition to serum level of Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, and Copper. Ewes fertility and prolificacy, gestation period, lambs birth and weaning weights and average daily gain up to weaning (90 days of age) were recorded.
The results showed that hormonal treatment did not affect significantly ewe’s fertility, prolificacy and gestation period length, with higher fertility in 3rd treatment in compare with the control group. Hormonal treatment effect in lamb birth weight, weaning weight and Average daily gain (ADG) were not significant, with higher weaning weight and ADG in 1st treatment in comparison with control and 3 rd treatments.The differences between hormonal treatments and control group in blood biochemical values were not significant, with higher blood glucose and AST activity and lower iron concentration in 3rd treatment. Simple correlation coefficients between blood biochemical values and ewe’s prolificacy, gestation period, lamb birth, weaning weigh and ADG were insignificant except the significant correlations (P<0.01) between ewes prolificacy with blood glucose (positive) and with blood cholesterol (negative) and between lambs weaning weights and ADG with blood iron concentrations which were positive and significant (P<0.05).

Functional efficiency climatic and environmental green spaces Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Tikrit An analytical study of theory and practice

A. F. Qasim; H. B. Naseh

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 41-59

Abstract
The study was conducted for the period from 01/07/2012 to 06/31/2013 inside the corridors of the University of Tikrit and selected greenery of the College of Agriculture to carry out the study, which included a statement the efficiency of green spaces to provide the requirements of thermal comfort and the ability to control the wind and reduce the impact of dust and the degree of control of solar radiation and optical reflections and glare and noise as well as air pollution control , and multiple methods were used to assess based on climate data and previous theoretical standards as well as the climatic measurements for the experiment, as has been the adoption of viewing visual way to monitor certain environmental elements . And can be summarized as the most important findings of the study that there is no month of the year is located entirely in the area comfortable for humans, as well as variations of environmental climate elements such as wind and refle- ctions and glare and noise affected the efficiency of the use and then put the proposed solutions to reduce them to improve the functional efficiency of climate and environmental impacts of green spaces.

Phenotypic and Distinguish Study for Some Varieties of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) in Northern Region Conditions of IRAQ

Pshtewan H.A.Abdalkarem; Fakhradeen A.Q. Sedeeq

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 5, Pages 165-176

The study was counducted the phenotypic and distinguish traits and quantitative and qualitative traits as a limited phenotypic remarks in International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plant (upov) for eighteen genotype of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) were as ( Sham 4 , Sham 6 , Arass , Adana 99 , Tammuz 2 , Ibba 99 , Ibba 95 , Rabeaa , Rizgari , Maroof , Hassad , Allaa ,Gihan 99 , Kuaz 2, Abu-Graib , Tammuz1 , Buhooth 22 and Latifia ) . The experiment was carried off in Bani-makan agricultural research station in chamchamal / Sulaimaniah governorate at winter season 2016-2017 as( R.C.B.D ) desing with three replicates . The results showed that the genotype Rabeaa and Rizgari were distinguished in spike density as a weak , and Arass and Latifia were distinguished in colour of the spike as a red color . While the genotypes Sham4 , Ibaa99 , Ibba95, Abu-Graib, and Bohouth22 were distinguished in containing a strong waxy cover on the spike ,the variety Maroof was distinguished on others in a black awn colour. The genotypes Tammuz 2 and Abu-Graib were distinguished as a high shoulder shape of glume beside to this Abu-Graib variety was distinguished in broad width of glume shoulder. The variety Ibba99 was distinguished in a rounded shape of the grain , while Rizgari variety was distinguished as a elongated shape of the grain . Kuaz2 was distinguished as a red colour of the grain , while the other varieties were white grains . In phenotypic traits , the variety Ibba99 was surpassed in flag leaf area (48.05cm2) and in spike lenght and it is coloum trait ,while the variety Rizgari was surpassed in awn length traits , and Rabeaa in plant height trait (110.9 cm) . The genotypes Rizgari and Arass were earileast in time of spike emergence and physiological maturity traits , while the variety Ibba99 was late . There were significant differences between the genotypes in the yield and components traits, the variety Gihan99 was surpassed in grain yield (4.471 ton/ ha.) , and Sham4 in number of active tiller traits (3.1 tiller/plant) . Buhooth 22 was surpassed in the number of the grains in the spike (59.83) and quality weight (78.96 kg.hectoliter), Hassad variety was surpassed in 1000 grain weight (39.06 gm) and Maroof variety in protein percentage (%16.1) . Cluster analysis was made for the genotypes for all the studied traits and the results showed that the varieties were classified to groups as a distinguish phenotypic remarks . Sham4 was alone in main group for phenotypic vegetative traits , while Arass , Rabeaa and Rizgari were contained in main group in phenotypic traits at maturity time, while in quantitative and qualitative traits the Rabeaa and Rizgari were in main group , this refer to the nearest and similarity in the studied traits. Ibba99 was alone in the main group in distinguishing study of traits for the grain ,this refer to a genetic farwide from the other varieties which includes the study .

Study of the effect of adding sodium bicarbonate to the rations on performance and some milk components and blood parameters in local Friesian dairy cows

Qussay Z.Shams Al-dain; Essam A.Jarjeis; Hussan A.Sulman; Hussien A. Shallal; Younis I.Hamad; Othman Q. Hussan

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 51-60

Abstract
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of adding sodium bicarbonate to the ration on milk yield and some of its components and blood parameters for local Friesian dairy cows. In this experiment 3 non pregnant cows were used at same live weights, third production season and during first month of calving, they were divided into three groups and fed individually on three rations during three periods (28 days / period).Sodium bicarbonate was added daily to the basal ration at a level of 100 and 200 g/cow /day for 2nd and 3rd groups, respectively, while the 1st group was considered as a control ration. The results indicated that daily and adjusted milk yield, fat%, quantity of fat, protein and lactose (gm/day) were increased significantly (P≤0.05) in 3rd group as compared to those in the 1st group. While the results indicated that blood pH,hemoglobin ,red & white blood cell count, packed cell volume, hemoglobin concentration, total protein, albumin, globulin, cholesterol ,triglyceride, urea, glucose, ALT, AST, ALP enzymes, calcium, sodium, phosphors, magnesium and potassium were not significantly affected by supplementation of sodium bicarbonate to 2nd and 3rd ration. There were no significant effects for the interaction between treatment × period on all the studied traits. It is concluded that using 200 g.of sodium bicarbonate per cow per day had improved milk production ,fat percentage of milk and had no side effect on all blood parameters.

PRODUCTION OF YOGURT BY USING DIFFERENT JUICES AND THEIR INFLUENCES ON THE MICROBIAL CONTENT

GH. Mahmood. Hassan

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2011, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 66-83

During this study, it was found that orange, lemon and tomato juices have a vital role in simulating lactic acid bacteria to produce lactic acid when they were used in yogurt production. The addition of juices to the milk used in yogurt production led to increase acidity in yogurt produced . The Acidity percentage in comparative sample of yogurt produced from cow's milk 0.75% and became 0.78 and 0.84 % with the addition of 3% and 10% orange juice respectively. However, the pH was less affective by using tomato juice than orange and lemon juices, where their pH were 4.45 , 4.30 and 3.98 respectively, and the juice was added in ratio of 3% to the cow's milk. This observation was encountered with buffalo's butter milk . The percentage of fat ,protien total solid decreased with the addation of juciesto them , while the yoghurt proccesed from buffalo milk was different significantly hn the syneresis and curd tention with the yoghurt proccesed from cows milk. The degree of the curd tention and the syneresis in buffalo yoghurt was 30g , 10ml/100ml respectively while it was 22g , 7ml /100ml in cows yoghurt.
Further, total count bacteria was an excess of 200*104 cfu/gm in all yogurt samples of both cow's and buffalo's butter milk with the addition of juices in the ratios of 3% , 5% and 10% . This bacteria count was higher than lactic acid bacteria present in comparative samples of which can be attributed to the increase of the microorganism activity and counts which caused acidity development as a response to the addition of these juices. total count bacteria of samples using lemon juice (5%) was reduced in cow's milk and buffalo's butter milk yogurt as 171*104 and 183*104 cfu/gm respectively.
Regarding the sensory evaluation tables, it was observed that the use of orange and lemon juices acquired the taste and flavor to the yogurt produced, while tomato juice caused to reduced sensory evaluation data of yogurt produced.

Functional efficiency climatic and environmental green spaces Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Tikrit An analytical study of theory and practice

A. F. Qasim; H. B. Naseh

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 41-59

Abstract
The study was conducted for the period from 01/07/2012 to 06/31/2013 inside the corridors of the University of Tikrit and selected greenery of the College of Agriculture to carry out the study, which included a statement the efficiency of green spaces to provide the requirements of thermal comfort and the ability to control the wind and reduce the impact of dust and the degree of control of solar radiation and optical reflections and glare and noise as well as air pollution control , and multiple methods were used to assess based on climate data and previous theoretical standards as well as the climatic measurements for the experiment, as has been the adoption of viewing visual way to monitor certain environmental elements . And can be summarized as the most important findings of the study that there is no month of the year is located entirely in the area comfortable for humans, as well as variations of environmental climate elements such as wind and refle- ctions and glare and noise affected the efficiency of the use and then put the proposed solutions to reduce them to improve the functional efficiency of climate and environmental impacts of green spaces.

The effect of exposing the eggs mothers of broiler chickens magnetic field before incubation on embryonic development and some hatching traits of broiler chicks.

Ibrahim Matti Ibrahim; Osamah Abdulkhaleq Jalal

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2017, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 22-36

This study was conducted with a view to the possibility of knowing the effect of exposing the hatching eggs before brood in hatcheries Magnetic field and see its impact on some reproductive traits. This study used 600 eggs for hatching breed (Rose 308) They were randomly divided in three replicates. It established ( 120) eggs to study the characteristics of embryonic development and 480 eggs to study the breed offspring, The exposure hatching eggs before incubation to the magnetic field intensity 18 mT (1800 Gauss) periods (zero, 15 ,30 and 45) minute gave the following indicators. The results indicated no significant effect (p≤0.05) of hatching eggs by exposing his lap when a magnetic field of the study of embryonic development during the first week of the incubator (Embryo weigh, Amnion, Chorio- Allantoic, Yolk Sac and its membrane, albumins, egg shell weight) The results showed significant superiority in length the embryo to relatively weighs in favor of treatments T2 and T4 . In the second week of embryonic development during incubation results showed no significant difference in recipes (Embryo weigh, Yolk Sac and its, albumins and egg shell weight), Significant increase in the proportion of liquid Chorio- Allantoic Embryo length ratios of weight in favor of the transaction T2, T3 and T4, and a significant decline in the percentage of transactions Amnion exposure to magnetic field T2, T3 and T4 . The results also indicated the lack of a significant effect of the percentage of egg weight loss during the first week and second week and day 18 of incubation in the hatchery and chick hatched weight the proportion of, While the treatment of T2 recorded a significant decline in the percentage of weight loss of eggs to show a magnetic field for a period (1-18 days) of incubation in the hatchery, significant increase in the ratio of length the chick hatched chick weight the proportion of in favor of treatment T3. The observed results decline a significant to mortality rate embryonic (1-6 days of incubation) in favor of treatment T3, significant increase in the mortality rate of embryonic (7-18) days recorded treatment T4, a significant decrease of the mortality rate of embryonic (19-21) days found in two treatments T3 and T4 , either in fetal mortality rate overall (1-21) days and the results showed a significant decline in favor of treatment T3, and for a significant decline in the proportion of whites clicking two treatments T3 and T4. The results showed a significant increase in the proportion of the total hatched eggs in favor of treatment T2 and hatched the proportion of fertilized eggs in favor of treatment T3. As for the different periods of hatched of the day (20-21) of hatching process results showed the superiority of a significant in the hatched the proportion of fertilized eggs of period (487 hours) for the treatment T4, and high a significant in hatchability of hours (494 hours) for the treatment of T2, and the superiority of a significant recorded T3 treatment of hatchability during the time (508 hours) from day 21 of the hatched period. The results indicated no significant effect of exposing the eggs hatching before his lap magnetic field on the chick hatched weight and the proportion of newly internal organs and edible palm, P.C.V % , hemoglobin, glucose and total protein. While it was observed and no significant increase in the concentration of blood calcium the proportion of in favor of the treatment T3 and T4 , a significant decrease in the concentration of cholesterol for the treatment of T4 compared to control.

Effect of Spraying with Licorice Extract [ΙΙ] on Seeds Production of Five Summer Squash Cultivars (Curcurbita pepo L.)

Kamal B. Esho; Abduljabbar I. M. Al-Hubaity

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 16-39

The study was conducted at the vegetable field, College of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Mosul, Iraq, during the spring season of 2007 and 2008 to investigate the responses of five summer squash cultivars namely local cultivar, Asma, Nadi, Tala and Zucchini to three concentrations of Licorice (0.0 ,1.5, 3.0) gl-1 so the experiment involved 15 treatments arranged in a Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates.The result could be summarized that foliar spraying with Licorice extract at 3.0gl-1 gave significant increase in seeds weight fruit-1 and the total yield of seed in both seasons, whereas, number of fruits held for seeds extraction were increased significantly during the season of 2007 only. Local and Tala cultivars were significantly superior over the weight of seeds fruit-1 during 2007, but in 2008 season Tala cv. was distinguished giving the highest value in seeds weight fruit-1 accounted 76.54 g which varied significantly with Asma cv. only. On the other hand, the Local cv. was characterized upon the studied cultivars in the seeds yield during 2007 season, whereas, during 2008 the superiority cultivars over (Local, Zucchini, and Tala) which gave (130.02 , 130.71 and 146.69) g plant-1 respectively .
The best interaction treatment in seeds yield plant-1 was (3.0 g l-1 Licorice in local cv.) which had a significant difference as compared with other treatments recorded (94.31) g in 2007 season ,while in 2008 it was noticed that Tala cv. + 3.0 g l-1 licorice produced the highest seeds yield 155.57 gplant-1.The total seeds yield was significantly correlated with, weight of 1000 seeds and seed length in both two seasons .The traits seed length and weight of 1000 seeds exhibited direct effect on the total seeds yield, and had indirect effect on the seeds yield through the other traits.

Effect of adding different levels of Neem (Azadirachta indica) seeds powder or aqueous extract respectively on some physiological and histological treatsof the broiler chickens

College of Agriculture; Saif khaleel Ibrahim Tikrit University; Arkan B. Mohammed; Ahmed T. Taha

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2016, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 42-50

Abstract
This study was carried out at the Poultry farm of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture, Tikrit University from 28/3/2013 to 2/6/2013 The present study was conducted to explore the usage of different levels of Neem (Azadirachta indica) Seeds powder and aqueous extract to Performance, Physiological and producing of the Broiler Chickens, used in the experiment 525 chicks of broiler non-naturalized hybrids (Hubbard), day-old. The chicks were distributed randomly to seven treat- ments each treatment has three replicate and each replicate has 25 chicks were as follows:
T1. Control without any addition, T2.T3.T4. Add Neem seeds powdered to feed ratios of 1.5, 2 and 2.5 g / kg feed respectively, T5.T6.T7. Add extract Neem seeds to drinking water rates 20.30 and 40 ml / liter of water respectively, The results of the study showed that:
No significant differences (P <0.05) forred and white blood cells, PCV (%) andhemoglobin concentration of among all experimental treatments, the results showed a significant decrease (p <0.05) inserumglucoseconcentration level with no significant difference to the level of uric acid, the concentration of total protein, albumin and total globulin among all treatments.
The results showed significant reducing (p <0.05) in cholesterol and enzymes (GOT and GPT) concentrationof the treatments add the Neem seeds to the feed or drinking water, compared to the control group, the absence of significant differences (p <0.05) in each of the villus length and depth of the crypts and the relationship between them for the ileum of broiler chickens between different groups.
We conclude from this study use of Neem seed powder or aqueous extracts did not have a negative impact on traits of blood and has had a positive impact on the functions of the liver and the concentration of cholesterol.

Isolated and diagnosis four fungi associated with wintering honeybee hives in Mosul and its environs Apis mellifera L. (Apidae-Hymenoptera)

Mahdi Mohammed Salih Saeed

Journal Of Kirkuk University For Agricultural Sciences, 2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 103-111

The conducted study on five apiaries located in Mosul city and its environs appeared fungi infection to the wintering hives which belong to this species: Aspergillus flavus,Aspergillus niger,Penicillium notatum, Penicillium crysogenum, and these mentioned fungi damage the food content of the hives, and caused pollution and toxicity to internal bee hive air with fungal chonidia after purifying them and culturing in pure colonies for identifying and diagnosing of the fungi laboratory in the plant protection department, college of agriculcure and forestry/ Mosul university, The study also been the average number of high infection for hives frames and infection separately to these was to the hives which doen wintering to her hives by using poly ethelene sacs covering which give the mean 76.33% from apiary frames and the mean 0.710 respectively, and the lowest for the hives that used the goot sacs covering by the mean 17.00% and the mean 0.153 from apiary frames respectively, by examining the locations of these hives and the number of hives subjected to wintering and the average number of infection frames and infection separety of any infection apiary with this and the different wintering way to the infection happen .

Publisher: Kirkuk University

Email:  j.agri.kirkuk@gmail.com

Editor-in-chief: Assistant Professor Dr. Hussein thahir tahir

ISSN: 2221-0482

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