The research aimed to determine the application level of sheep breeders for the most important scientific recommendations related to the management of sheep farms in the village of Naameh, Tikrit, and determine the level of application of sheep breeders to the most important scientific recommendations related to the management of sheep farms in each field of research: (establishment of barns, nutrition, health care), and determine the correlation relationship among the level of application of sheep breeders and each of the following independent variables : (age, The number of years of work in sheep raising and sources of access to agricultural information related to sheep raising and the period of breeding sheep and Area of cultivated land and education level ). village of Naameh was chosen As a region to do the research Random sample Included of (50) breeder, who represent (50%) of the breeders, The questionnaire was used As a tool to collect date using personal interview. The results revealed that the level of sheep breeders, was medium tend to low , It have found the highest application level In the field of nutrition. The results also showed that there correlation relationship among in application level for the breeders in question according to the variables: age, source of agricultural information, and the number of sheep and education level The number of years of work in sheep raising. The problem of rising prices of treatment products came first, the researcher recommends the following : the good health care via veterinary sections in the area, In addition to the increase of breeders support by the Ministry of Agriculture represented by the agricultural departments in the rural areas, Paying attention to the activation of the agricultural awareness, which is considered very limited and semi nonexistent.
This study was conducted in the poultry farm in-Animal production department-the faculty of Agriculture-University of Kirkuk ,The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of using methionine and choline chloride in low protein diets on growth performance of Local quail . distributed randomly a(280) chicks (10 days old) on 7 treatments by 5 replicate for each treatment (8)birds per replicat . Birds fed the dietary treatment T1(24% crude protein(cp) ), T2(22% cp) , T3(20% cp) , T4 (22% cp +adding 20% methionine above the NRC(1994)recommended), T5 (20% cp +adding 20% methionine above the NRC(1994) recommended),T6 (22% cp +adding 20% choline above the NRC(1994) recommended), T7 (20% cp +adding 20% choline above the NRC(1994) recommended) from the age of 10-45 days. The results showed that the experimental treatments significantly (p<0.05) differed in feed intake , weight gain and feed conversion, consumption of proten, methionine and choline among treatments . The T7 was significantly higher than T2 in weight gain .The T7 was significantly (p<0.05) better than T2 and T5 in feed conversion ratio , there were no significant effect among treatments for live body weight and relative weight of heart ,liver ,gizzard ,stomach and intestine .The T1 and T3 were significantly higher than T5 in relative weight of the breast , and there were no significantly differences in the relative weight of leg among the treatments . The T5 was significantly higher than T1 ,T3,T4 and T6 in relative weight of wings. .The T7 was significantly higher than all treatments in mean of carcass weight .The T1 and T2 was significantly higher than T5 in the relative weight of the loss .The best nutritional treatment was the seventh treatment (The diet which contained 20% crud protein and 20% choline above te requirement).
This study was carried out to determine the effect of substitution of sesame seed meal (SSM) for soybean meal (SBM) in a layer diet of local quail. Two hundred and forty 7 days old quail chick were divided in to 4 groups in battery cages. the treatments consist of (control) SSM 0.0%, SSM 10%, SSM 20% and SSM 30% in isonitrogenious bases diets. The results showed that substitution of 10% SSM instead of SBM had no significant negative effect compared with to control diet in parameters egg production (H.D.P), egg mass, egg weight, feed consumption and feed efficiency ratio , when increasing the SSM ratio to 20% and 30% has caused a significant linear deterioration (P<0.05) in all productive specifications of eggs. At conclusion level up to 10% SSM as an alternative feed in local quail had no significant effects on egg production performance.
• H.D.P = Hen Day Production
• SSM = Sesame Seed Meal
• SBM = Soybean Meal
The aim of this study is to compare the adding different hydrogenated vegetable fat and various sources of vegetable oils to the dite of the quails on the production performance and some of chemical characteristics such as live body weight, body weight gain, feed consumption , feed conversion ratio, peroxide value(PV), thiobarbutric acid (TBA) and free fatty acid (FFA). Distributed randomly 280 japanase quail un sexed (10 days old) to 7 treatments each treatment have 5 replicate 8 birds per replicate .Bird dietary treatment T1 ( Control without add oil) , T2( 4% hydrogenated vegetable fat) ,T3(4% olive oil) , T4(4% Argan oil) , T5(4% almond oil) , T6(4% flax oil) and T7 (4% sunflower oil). The results showed that there was significant differences (P≤0.05) among the treatment of the body weight , body weight gain, feed consumption , feed conversion ratio, peroxide value and thiobarbutric acid, While no significant differences between treatment in the free fatty acids .
This study was conducted in the farm of poultry-Animal production department of the faculty of Agriculture University of Kirkuk during the period from15/1/2017 to 18/2/2017 , The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of adding probiotic and prebiotic in growth diets contain and free from animal protein on the production performance and carcass quality for males and females Japanese quail. (240) Japanese quail un sexed (one day old) which has been fed collectively for 10 days and distributed randomly to 8 treatments(30 bird/treatment) by 5 replicates for each treatment (6)birds per cage (Replicate is one of battery cages with dimensions 40*30*20 cm) the experiment period was 10-45 days . Birds were fed the following dietary treatments T1 (control diet ), T2(control diet + 0.10% probiotic ) , T3(control diet+ 0.10% prebiotic ) , T4 (control diet +0.10% probiotic+0.10% prebiotic ) , T5(control diet with out animal protein trate concen) , T6(control treatment+ 0.10% probiotic ) , T7(control diet+ 0.10% prebiotic ) , T8(control diet +0.10% probiotic +0.10% prebiotic ) . The results showed that no significant (P≤0.05) differences were found in weight gain, while differences were significant in the average body weight ,the T5 was significantly (P≤0.05) higher than T1 , and in feed intake average T2 was significantly (P≤0.05) exceed over T1 and for the in feed conversion ratio average there was no significant differences between T1,T2,T3,T4 or between T8, T5, T6, T7 and T8 was significantly (P≤0.05) was better than T1, T2, T3, T4.There were no significant differences in the average of the carcass weight and the percentage weight of the wings between treatments . The T2 was significantly (P≤0.05) better than T1 and T6 for the percentage weight of the breast , While T1 was significantly (P≤0.05) heavier than T5 in the thigh percentage weight .The T4 and T5 were significantly (P≤0.05) bigger than T1 and T8 in the back percentage weight , While the T1 ,T5 and T6 were significantly higher than another treatments in the average of the neck percentage weight . No significant differences in the average of the heart and liver percentage weight between the treatments . The percentage weight of the gizzard was significantly (P≤0.05) higher for T1 than T5 and T7. The intestinal percentage weight for the control treatment (T1) was higher than all another treatments . On the other hand the percentage weight for the testes was higher significantly (P≤0.05) when compared that with the T2, T4, T6,T7 and T8 . The value of the percentage weight of the ovary was for the females bird of the T2 were significantly (P≤0.05) higher than T5, T6, T7 and T8 .No significant differences in thepercentage weight of the stomach and oviduct .The average of the pancreas percentage weight for the T1 and T4 birds were significantly higher than T5 birds.
A study was conducted at the lath house in researchs station and agriculture experimental returns of college of agriculture - Kirkuk university - Al-sayada during September 2016 to April 2017 , to investigate the effect of pinching of plants (without pinching , pinching after one week of process of seedling ,pinching after 10 days of the first pinchined) , and spray plant of cycocel with twoconcentrations (0,1000) mg.L-1 , to growth and flowering of Chrysanthemum , the experience was designed according to Random Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D) with three replicate . Results showed that pinching after one week of seedling was significantly superior to increase the leaves area (1265.56) cm2 comparison with control (1107.46) cm2, and the treatment of pinching after 10 days of the first pinched has led to delay the flowering date (35.3) days , and increased the length of stalk flower (4.08) cm against (34.37) days and (3.73) cm for the treatment of the comparison respectively. The spray by concentration of 1000 mg. L-1 of CCC was significantly superior to reduce the plant height (11.61) cm and increased wet weight of the flower (0.47) g compared to (12.43) cm and (0.44) g for the treatment of control respectively.
This study was carried out in plastic house of research and Agriculture experiments station of Agriculture college at Kirkuk university through 2016/2017 growing season to study the effects of foliar application of chelated calcium with three concentrations (0, 50, 100 ) mg L-1 and boron (0, 10, 20 ) mg L-1 on vegetative growth characters and yield of Strawberry cv. Festival. The experiment was arranged in factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with three replicaters and five plants for each experimental unit. The obtained results statistically analyzed using package of (SAS V 9.0) program and using Duncan test at 0.5% probability to comparing the means. Folia application of mg/L100 chelated calcium led to significantly increased in vegetative growth parameters (leaf area, number of leaves, leaf chlorophyll contents and vegetative growth dry weight), weight which reaching ( 33.49 ,47.06 , 39.97 , 19.94 ) , respectively as compared as compared with control treatment , while foliar calcium at 100 mg/L gave the significant increasing for fruit size and weight which were 18.79 cm3 and 12.11 gm, respectively, at the same time all other yield characters did not affected. The foliar 20mg/L Boron led to significantly increased in vegetative growth parameters above ,As well led to significant increasing in fruit number and size, mean yield per plant and yield for unit area as compared with control treatment, while the mean fruit weight character did not affected with Boron treatment. The interaction effects of two factors clearly significantly affected on all parameters, it was found that 100mg/L calcium and 20mg/L boron treatment was significant as compared with control on vegetative growth characters and yield.
A study was conducted in researchs station and agriculture experimental returns to college of agriculture – Kirkuk university – Area Al-sayada for the autumn season during 8 / 9 / 2016 to 15 / 12 / 2016 .The study include the effectiveness of the pressure water irrigation by drip irrigation system with two levels (1bar) and (2bar) , on the vegetative growth and yield and qualitative qualities for three cultivars of potato (Arizona , Voler , Rivera ) class A whith additional evalution of drip irrigation system . the experience was designed according to complete block design (R.C.B.D) with split – split plot method was used s , and (L.S.D) used to test the differences between the means of treatments. On the other hand used T-Test method to conclude the differences between means of two pressure of irrigation system at P> 0.05 level. At evaluating the irrigation drip system which observed that (2bar) pressure had significantly superior over (1bar) pressure in (mean discharges measured , Wetting Area, Coefficient of Variation, and Absolute Emission uniformity) and they was obtained (4.132 L.h-1 , 28.67 cm2 , 0.06 L.h-1 , 91.7%) respectively comparison with (1bar) pressure wich was obtained (3.245L.h-1 , 22.23 cm2 , 0.11L.h-1 , 86.6%) respectively .And the treatment of (2bar) pressure was significantly superior to increase the number of tubers(5.26 tuber.Plant-1) , But the (1bar) pressure was significantly superior to increase the % dry matter (16.40%) and % starch (10.76%). Arizona cultivar significantly superior than both of Volare and Riviera which it gave height of plant (66.96 cm. plant-1), dry weight of shoots (55.45 gm. Plant-1), number of tuber (6.2 tuber.Plant-1),and tuber weight (108.99 gm), while Riviera cultivar gave a high average of dry matter (16.70%),and % starch (10.83%).
Soil samples were taken from five locations and two depth (0 – 30 cm), (30 – 60 cm) those areas within Nineveh Governorate including from Al-hadher south of Mosul city to Faidah north of Mosul City, those areas where the different in environmental conditions. The aim of the study is to identify the disparity in the quantities of elements ( Ca , Mg , Na , K , Fe Mn , Zn , Cu , Ni , Co , Si , Mo) . The elements concentration were different between locations and depth. The results showed that most elements were higher in first depth (0 – 30 cm) compared with second depth (30 – 60 cm) except the behavior of (Cu , Ni , Co) which were not exactly similar of other elements. Content of chemical elements in studies locations were its content was ascendant from Al-hadher area in the south to the area of Faidah in the north. Also, study the effect of rainfall rate on the quantity of chemical elements studied using regression equations, the results showed clear decreasing for (Ca and Mo) with the rainfall and the effect ratio (68.5% and 40%) for the Ca and Mo respectively, content of (K , Fe , Mn , Si , Zn , Cu , Ni) were highest with rainfall and effect ratio (74.8% , 74% , 59.4% , 72% , 91.1% , 59.9% , 82.7%) respectively, While the elements of (Mg , Na , Co) showed no effect with the rainfall. Mathematical models were also developed to predict the values of the elements based on the average rainfall and for all locations studies.
A field experiment was carried out during the autumn season of 2015 in the district of Daqouq in Kirkuk governorate to study the response of some traits of maize crop under the influence of different genotypes and mechanical and chemical control depending on several specialized pesticides for yellow maize. The experiment included two factors, the first five structures of yellow maize (Kadz, Munarj, Apcaro, 106 and DKC6586). The second is the three levels of two herbicides (Accent, nicosulfuron with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 larvae, covering one hectare area of the thymus Basis, rimsulfuron with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 lt; covering one hectare) and three methods of control (One-time digestion after 15 days of germination), the first two times with the first treatment, and the second after 15 days after the first treatment. The first time with the first treatment, the second treatment with the second treatment, the third after 15 days Of the second transaction in addition to the coefficient In comparison, the RCBD was used with three replicates. Some traits were studied (weight of 500 grains, the percentage of starch, total grain yield, biological yield). The genotypes differed in their ability to produce. (7.5) tons / h. The monarch gene was also superior to the weight of 500 grains and a total of 272.1 g and 779.2 g / plant respectively. Combine annual bushes especially in the case of repeated hoeing for more than two times to complete extermination of these plants Which led to a significant increase in the qualities of seed yield for maize, the treatment of the pesticide characterized by a concentration of 60 grams per hectare significantly superior in the control of annual and perennial bushes, which led to a reduction in the number and reduce dry weights with the increase in grain yield, On the rest of the experimental units in the case of hoeing for two or three times, the pesticide distinguished the pesticide Titus at a concentration of 60 grams per hectare by giving it the highest grain. Therefore, we recommend the cultivation of genotypes Kadz and Monaraj, and the disruption of more than once, and chemical control with pesticide characteristic 60 g per hectare.
A field experiment was carried out during the autumn season of 2014 in the district of Daqouq in Kirkuk governorate to study the impact of five different genetic structures and mechanical and chemical control using several specialized pesticides for maize. The experiment included two factors, the first five structures of maize (Kadz, Munarj, Apcaro, 106 and DKC6586). The second is the three levels of two herbicides (Accent, nicosulfuron with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 lt.) Covering one hectare area of Tissus Basis (rimsulfuron) with concentrations of 30, 45 and 60 g / 400 liters covering one hectare (three methods of control) (One-time digestion after 15 days of germination), the first two times with the first treatment, and the second after 15 days after the first treatment. The first time with the first treatment, the second treatment with the second treatment, the third treatment after 15 days Of the second transaction in addition to the coefficient in comparison, the RCBD was used with three replicates. Some of the traits of the crop (500 grain weight, total yield, total grain yield, and biological yield) were examined. The genotypes were found in their production capacity. (7.5) tons / h. The monarch gene was also superior to 500 grains and a total of 272.1 g and 779.2 g / plant respectively. Anti-annual bushes especially in the case of repeated hoeing for more than two times to complete extermination of these plants Which resulted in a significant increase in the qualities of the seed yield of maize, the treatment of the pesticide characterized by a concentration of 60 grams per hectare marked superiority in the control of annual and perennial bushes, which led to a reduction in the number and reduce dry weights with the increase in grain yield, On the rest of the experimental units in the case of hoeing for two or three times, the pesticide distinguished the pesticide Titus at a concentration of 60 grams per hectare by giving it the highest grain. Therefore, we recommend the cultivation of genotypes Cadiz and Monaraj, and the disruption of more than once, and chemical control with Herbicide characteristic Amaze 60 g per hectare.
A field experiment was carried out at the Agricultural Research Station (Bany Maqan) in Jam Gamal district of the Agricultural Research Directorate in Sulaymaniyah governorate in the agricultural season 2016-2017 with the aim of evaluating ten genotypes of the bread wheat Triticum aestivum L. (Rizkari, Adana 99, Cham 6, Klak2 ,Florka,Abo-Khreab3,Aras, Melan ,aela ,Iba99 )for studies growth production indicators, (SA0) non-activation and (SA1) soaking the seeds at 50 ppm, and spraying the total vegetation by 100 ppm and (SA2). In addition, Soaking the seeds at 100 ppm and spraying the total vegetation by 200 ppm, under the conditions of rainfed agriculture, carried out in a RCBD experiment. The results showed that the activation ratio (SA1) significantly exceeded the other activation factors in the percentage Field emergence 75.35% and the dry weight in the two stages of centrifugation, relative growth, yield, chlorophyll content of the flag leaf, plant height, and number of saplings in (45.0), the biological yield (15.73 tons, ha-1), the grain yield (5749.2 kg, ha-1), the harvest index (35.7%), the genotypes showed significant differences in all studied traits Cham 6 superior, Field emergence and dry weight in two phases ,flag leaf, height plant, total tellering, the duration of the green leaf, the number of spikes / m 2, the number of grains spike, and the weight of 1000 grains, which was reflected on the grain yield, was 6617.8 kg / ha, and the harvest yield was 40.3%, 6291 kg . ha-1, which was also superior in the number of spike the number of spike grains and the weight of a 1000 grains and in the biological yield. The interaction between activation factors and genotypes showed that the Sham 6 was significantly higher in field emergence (87.7%), number of spike/ m 2 (374.84 spike), weight of 1000 grains (44.6 g) and grain yield (7201 kg)and harvest index (42.9%) in the activation treatment SA1, weight, plant height 6 (116.27 cm), number of spike grains (48), grain yield (7490 kg /ha.), harvest index (43.9%), and the activation SA1 also.
The study was counducted the phenotypic and distinguish traits and quantitative and qualitative traits as a limited phenotypic remarks in International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plant (upov) for eighteen genotype of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) were as ( Sham 4 , Sham 6 , Arass , Adana 99 , Tammuz 2 , Ibba 99 , Ibba 95 , Rabeaa , Rizgari , Maroof , Hassad , Allaa ,Gihan 99 , Kuaz 2, Abu-Graib , Tammuz1 , Buhooth 22 and Latifia ) . The experiment was carried off in Bani-makan agricultural research station in chamchamal / Sulaimaniah governorate at winter season 2016-2017 as( R.C.B.D ) desing with three replicates . The results showed that the genotype Rabeaa and Rizgari were distinguished in spike density as a weak , and Arass and Latifia were distinguished in colour of the spike as a red color . While the genotypes Sham4 , Ibaa99 , Ibba95, Abu-Graib, and Bohouth22 were distinguished in containing a strong waxy cover on the spike ,the variety Maroof was distinguished on others in a black awn colour. The genotypes Tammuz 2 and Abu-Graib were distinguished as a high shoulder shape of glume beside to this Abu-Graib variety was distinguished in broad width of glume shoulder. The variety Ibba99 was distinguished in a rounded shape of the grain , while Rizgari variety was distinguished as a elongated shape of the grain . Kuaz2 was distinguished as a red colour of the grain , while the other varieties were white grains . In phenotypic traits , the variety Ibba99 was surpassed in flag leaf area (48.05cm2) and in spike lenght and it is coloum trait ,while the variety Rizgari was surpassed in awn length traits , and Rabeaa in plant height trait (110.9 cm) . The genotypes Rizgari and Arass were earileast in time of spike emergence and physiological maturity traits , while the variety Ibba99 was late . There were significant differences between the genotypes in the yield and components traits, the variety Gihan99 was surpassed in grain yield (4.471 ton/ ha.) , and Sham4 in number of active tiller traits (3.1 tiller/plant) . Buhooth 22 was surpassed in the number of the grains in the spike (59.83) and quality weight (78.96 kg.hectoliter), Hassad variety was surpassed in 1000 grain weight (39.06 gm) and Maroof variety in protein percentage (%16.1) . Cluster analysis was made for the genotypes for all the studied traits and the results showed that the varieties were classified to groups as a distinguish phenotypic remarks . Sham4 was alone in main group for phenotypic vegetative traits , while Arass , Rabeaa and Rizgari were contained in main group in phenotypic traits at maturity time, while in quantitative and qualitative traits the Rabeaa and Rizgari were in main group , this refer to the nearest and similarity in the studied traits. Ibba99 was alone in the main group in distinguishing study of traits for the grain ,this refer to a genetic farwide from the other varieties which includes the study .
It's difficult to determine some egg quality traits in commercial poultry farms.Therefore, this study was conducted to find linear regression between external egg traits and effect of hen age on some external characteristics of eggs in Lohmann Brown- Classic hen. A total of 120 hens were housed in battery cages include four lines from 24 to 41 weeks of hen's age. In this experiment we measure external physical characteristics (egg weight (g), egg shape index, egg strength (kg/cm2), specific gravity, shell thickness (mm), egg surface area and unite of surface shell weight (mg/cm2) were study. Results showed that relations between egg shape index with egg width positive, but negative with egg weight and length (p<0.05). Otherwise, the phenotypic relations values of egg weight and egg shell traits showed highly significant (P<0.01) positive with egg weight specific gravity, shell percentage, shell thickness and shell strength. All external egg quality characteristics increased with the increase of hen's age. Egg shape index, Surface area, and specific gravity, shell thickness and unit surface area were increased significantly (p<0.05) with the increase of hens age. While percentage of egg shell decreased for older hen age. The egg strength ranged between 1.00 –1.20 (kg/ cm2) during the experiment period.
An experiment was carried out at the field of Agricultural Collage, Duhok Universityduring spring and fall season 2016, to study the effect of three herbicides with two doses for each herbicide, namely (Amaze 80, 160; Perfect, 120, 140; and Belldozer 120 and 140 ml ha-1 ) on weeds, Two maize genotypes were used (Sangria and Nawroz ). Using factorial experiment with Randomize Completely Block Design (RCBD) with three replicate. The results showed Nawroz genotype was superior in the No. of rows ear-1, No. of kernels row-1 and kernels yield plant-1 (654.8 g ) and, also the fall season was superior in some traits than spring season. The herbicides perfect at dose 140 ml ha-1 will be more effective on many broad and narrow leaves weeds yield and component of two maize genotypes by using with factorial experimental arranged in revealed that, 654.8 g and also the fall season was the best than the spring season and Perfect 140 g ha-1 was the more effective in killing the most kinds of weeds.